Automobiles need batteries to get electric energy and for this purpose, automotive batteries were invented. These batteries are rechargeable and small in size, so that they can be set up in automobiles very easily. Especially, it is regarded as an automotive battery. The work of an Starting, Lightning and Ignition is to supply energy to the starter motor for an automobile.
Six galvanic cells are used to make these batteries and they are usually lead acid type. At full charge, an automotive battery provides 12.6 volts. One single Starting, Lightning and Ignition is enough for a small vehicle. But heavy vehicles like highway trucks, tractors etc. that have diesel engines use more than one batteries.These batteries are recyclable, for this reason, they are environment friendly too. And through this process, every year a huge number of batteries are produced. There are usually four types of automotive batteries. They are described below shortly:
• Flooded Cell Type: These types of automotive batteries are inexpensive and working for long time period. But, they require a lot of maintenance and care. But, they can be leaked or spilled at any moment.
• Valve Regulated Lead Acid: They are the alternatives of Flooded Cell type batteries and more expensive than Flooded Cell Type Batteries. These batteries are also known as “sealed” batteries. You cannot repair these batteries and maintain them neither. Hydrometer cannot be used to measure the charge of these batteries and you cannot replenish the electrolyte too. These batteries are maintenance free and are usually used to stay safe from any kind of leakage.
• Shallow Cycle: To start an automobile engine, a large burst of power is needed. And for this purpose, Shallow Cycle batteries are really useful. They can produce a strong power when an engine starts. After that, they are charged by the engine driven charging system. They contain higher specific gravity electrolyte so that the internal resistance can be reduced. Many thin separated plates are used to make these batteries.
• Deep Cycle: These types of batteries are made to provide continuous power for a long period of time. Especially, the small vehicles such as small boats, recreational vehicles, golf cart etc. use these types of batteries. To store energy from wind turbine or photovoltaic array, they are used too.
To use your battery for a long period of time, you have to follow some certain rules. Car batteries that use lead antimony plates may need water regularly. Specialists recommend using distilled water in a particular level. But, nowadays, most of the batteries do not require this watering. Always try to use a charging method that is safe. The most popular charging method is Trickle Charging. Do not over charge your or keep for a long time on charging. This may reduce your product lifetime. And even they can be dangerous.You should also be careful about storage and changing. And such, you can get the best service from these batteries.These processes are also useful for your own safety.